Learn how to differentiate between structural and base cracks in your home and when you should be concerned.
Cracks in the foundation will raise a lot of issues. Is this just a slight crack on the surface? Will it get worse over time? Is it likely that it would jeopardize the structural integrity of my building, especially the walls? Is there a long-term solution to this issue? Both of these are real and serious inquiries that need responses.
If these are your issues, keep reading to learn about the various forms of foundation cracks and why you should be worried as a homeowner.
Structural vs. Non-structural Foundation Cracks
Structural cracks and non-structural cracks are the two types of foundation cracks that can occur in a home. Let’s take a closer look at them. Is there a distinction? Yes, there is a significant variation between these two kinds of fractures, and their consequences vary as well, as you’ll see. One is milder and less serious, while the other is more serious and potentially dangerous. Knowing the distinctions between these two types of cracks will help you decide which one you’re working with and take the necessary action to fix it.
Ask your local contractor to check the base if you’re not sure what sort of crack has formed. They’ll tell you what kind of base crack you have and propose a cost-effective solution. Until construction begins, feel free to submit a rundown of foundation maintenance costs.
Non-structural Cracks in the Foundation
These cracks, also known as decorative cracks, do not jeopardize the home’s structural integrity. Changes in environmental conditions, thermal movement, hydrostatic pressure, and moisture exposure may all cause them to develop over time. Any fractures occur as a result of the passage of time. Many of these elements are, after all, natural and universal. The below are some of the most prominent symptoms of non-structural base cracks:
- Cracks on plaster
- Vertical or diagonal cracks
- Narrow cracks measuring 1-2 mm wide
- Cracks near doors or the edge of the window
Cosmetic cracks, unlike structural cracks, are usually thin and less violent. They don’t necessitate extensive repairs. Crack injection is a common form of crack repair. They normally last a long time until they’ve been restored. The only time you can be concerned is when water begins to seep into them. The mold may emerge as a result of this.
Structural Cracks in the Foundation
Structural cracks exist as a result of inadequate building sites, overloading, or poor soil holding, as the term implies. These cracks may not introduce water right away, but you can be sure they will over time. The following are telltale signs of structural cracks in your foundation:
- Stair-step cracks
- Cracks on foundation slabs or beams
- Vertical cracks that are wide at the bottom or top
- Cracks measuring 1/8″ in width
Structural cracks in concrete walls and the floor suggest a major change in the foundation of the home. Any delay in settling the matter would only worsen the situation. Repairs would get more costly and difficult. The issue can only be handled by a skilled basement and foundation repair contractor.
Structural cracks should be repaired by a qualified base repair contractor as quickly as possible due to the dangers they pose to your house and loved ones. Installing carbon fiber strips or reinforcing steel beams to the broken walls is the most effective form of repair.
When Should I Worry About Foundation Cracks?
A variety of indicators should point to the fact that you’re grappling with more than a single problem. The first is a crack that measures more than a quarter-inch in width. If you find a break in your floor, call your foundation repair contractor right away. The number of fractures in the base is another measure. A few fractures are to be expected. However, if you have several fractures running the length or width of your base, this is a bad indication.
Your walls, beams, and roofing will all be affected by base cracks. Doors and windows can fail to close properly. It’s likely that your walls could leak, particularly if you have a basement. All of this should mean that the base might have a structural problem. The scale, position, and several cracks in the base determine the magnitude of a crack.
Never ignore the symptoms of a base break, no matter how mild or serious they are. Take heed to the rest of the house as well. Changes in cracks should be tracked, and new ones should be found. Consult a basement and foundation maintenance specialist for guidance. They will be able to assess the type of crack and suggest a solution after examining your house.
Caution: Never use DIY crack injection kits to patch a structural crack. The welfare of your home and loved ones is much too critical to lose.
If you want to know whether a pillar break is cosmetic or structural? We’ll help you figure out whether the base needs to be repaired.